switchMap

 

switchMap, as well as other **Map operators, will substitute value on the source stream with a stream of values, returned by inner function. When source stream emits, switchMap will unsubscribe from previous inner stream and will call inner function to switch to the new inner observable.

Also try this mergeMap vs exhaustMap vs switchMap vs concatMap head-to-head comparison

const { rxObserver, palette } = require('api/v0.3');
const { from, timer, pipe } = require('rxjs');
const { zip, take, map, switchMap, delayWhen } = require('rxjs/operators');


// our source$ will emit values at 5ms, 10ms, 20ms
const source$ = fromDelayed([ 5, 10, 20 ]).pipe(
    zip(from(palette), Marble) // colorize each item
  );

const switchMap$ = source$.pipe(
    switchMap(x => timer(0, 3).pipe(
        take(3),
        colorize(x.color))  // colorize as source$ value
      )
  );

// visualization
source$.subscribe(rxObserver('source$'));
switchMap$.subscribe(rxObserver('switchMap( timer(0, 3).take(3) )'));


// helpers
function colorize(color) {
  return pipe(
    map(y => Marble(y, color))
  );
}

// creates a colored Marble
function Marble(value,color) {
  return {
    valueOf: ()=>value
    , color
  };
}

// like .from, but items are delayed by their value
function fromDelayed (arr) {
  return from(arr).pipe(
      delayWhen(x=>timer(x))
    );
}